Maps of Indonesia & Bali
Before going to Bali, we ask ourselves, “Why are there so many travellers calling this island “The Island of Gods”. In Balinese mythology, it is said that the gods created the place to be special. Bali is definitely a paradise island. A classic tropical island that has something for everyone of any age.
The densest area in Bali is on the south side, including Sanur, Kuta, Legian and Jimbaran linking to the Denpasar. As for the rest of Bali, it is mostly sparsely populated and an agricultural island.
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Seminyak aerial photo
Legian, Kuta, Seminyak
Bali is divided in 9 districts or regencies:
Occupies over 418.52sqkm of land and is located in the centre of Bali island. This is where the popular Kuta town can be found. The Regency of Badung extends in a narrow ribbon from the central uplands of the island down to the Bukit or Nusa Dua Peninsula in the South. Its shape and territory – which does not comprise the city of Denpasar plus Sanur- are determined by a distributor network of rivers and streams fed from the Plaga rain catchments area in the North.
Badung Regency, covering the areas of Nusa Dua, Tanjung Benoa, Jimbaran, Kuta, and Legian is the richest regency with tourist facilities and activities. And Badung Regency commodities are come from plantation, fishery, agriculture, service, industrial sectors but the chief commodities of service sector are tourism, hotel, and restaurant.
This is one of the regencies in Bali that is not surrounded by sea but provides some of the best scenery in the island of Bali. Up until 1907 Bangli was one of the nine kingdoms of Bali. The capital has a famous Hindu temple, the Pura Kehen, which dates from the 11th century.
The northern part of the district included the main road to the north coast passing through Kintamani and around the crater in which Gunung Batur sits.
From the Demulih hill, Bali Island, particularly its southern part can be seen - Kuta, Nusa Dua, Gianyar and a part of Klungkung.
This place has its own unique social and cultural features due to its being isolated from the south by the central volcanic ridge and vast expanse of forest. This regency stretches across nearly the whole of northern Bali from east to west.
Buleleng was considered a strategic place to begin a movement to conquer Bali by the Dutch army during the colonial period. The 87 Balinese kingdoms stated in the Paswara Asta Negara agreement were ruined due to an invasion from North Bali. Buleleng was defeated in the Jagaraga war in 1849, and then was placed under the power of the Dutch colonial government.
The development of the tourism industry in Bali has had a great impact on the development of tourism industry in Buleleng, especially in Lovina and Kalibukbuk. Buleleng accepted and developed a culture which is somewhat different from that of South Bali. Gedong Kirtya is the most precious asset for Buleleng because it is here in gedong Kertya where you can still find thousands of ancient Balinese manuscripts of history, religion and ethics and Balinese traditional medicine inscribed on lontar palm leaves.
Here in the luxurious regency of Gianyar contains some of Bali’s oldest relics and most of her significantly important archaelogical sites. Gianyar is richly endowed with artistic traditions and is known for producing some of the island’s most accomplished painters and dancers.
Gianyar is richly endowed with artistic traditions and is known for producing some of the island’s most accomplished painters and dancers. The soil found here is intensely fertile and this regency has a whole plethora of springs and waterways. It is flanked by two great rivers, Ayung on the west end and Pakerisan on the east. The lands in between have been turned into an astounding mesh of paddy terraces.
This regency is a hilly area on the southwest coast of Bali. North Jembrana is a mountainous region and is part of West Bali’s National Park. The latter can be found in two regencies – Jembrana as well as well Buleleng. Negara is the city of Jembrana and the people of Jembrana rely heavily on their agricultural sector to make ends meet. This consists of produce like rice, water melon, vanilla, clove, buffalo, ox, chicken, fish of lemuru and prawn windu.
Jembrana has likely got the most ethnically diverse community in Bali. There are the malay-speaking people of Bugis descent, the Christian Balinese and of course, the traditional Balinese communities just to mention some.
Karangasem is situated in the eastern part of Bali, which is full of interesting places to visit as well as amazing beaches. A terrible volcanic eruption occurred on March the 17th, 1963. Karangasem has an extraordinary variety of scenic landscapes. Low and high mountain ranges intermingle with upland plain, tropical forests, terraced rice fields, beautiful beaches, culture and historic archeological remains, traditional ‘Bali Aga’ village with their way of life make Karangasem worth visiting.
It is very easy to reach all of the interesting places in Karangasem which are supported by fairly good road conditions, facilities such at hotels, restaurants, moneychangers, souvenir shops and others which one would expect in a tourist environment.
Besakih Temple is a great place to visit and as well as seeing the ancient and restored areas that have been maintained throughout the ages you will also be able to learn a bit about the culture and importance surrounding this incredible temple.
Klungkung is the smallest regency in the Bali province, but it has shown to have enormous tourism potential. In the east side, the landscape is still scarred by the lava streams of the eruption that occurred in 1963. This event actually cut Klungkung off from the rest of Bali for some time. The Majapahit Empire collapsed in 1515. This was when Islam started taking over as the core religion of Indonesia. Thousands of Javanese Hindus, priests, nobles and throngs of soldiers, artists and artisans escaped the conversion by migrating to Bali. They brought along with them a added stimulus to the already strong Hinduism culture.
Situated on the south of Klungkung, the tiny village of Kamasan is fully packed with artists’ homes and studios. The village is home to traditional Balinese paintings. It is particularly famous as the center of classical wayang paintings that somehow leads back to similar figures of puppets in ancient Java.
This regency comprises of two main regions, the mountains towards the north and the lower plains in the south. In the mountainous areas of the north also lies Bali’s second highest mountain, Mount Batukau (Batukaru). The coastal areas in the south were previously not well known by visitors due to a lack of infrastructure, but these have been lightly developed in recent years, and there are now some high profile accommodation options there. Tabanan is though more usually associated by visitors with rolling green landscapes, hills and especially the imposing Mount Batukaru, Bali's second highest peak at 2,276 metres.
The town of Mengwi has a long and rich history associated with its royal family, and the best modern day manifestation of this is the splendid temple complex at Taman Ayun.
There are numerous small roads and unmade tracks that lead from the coast road south of Tabanan to the waterfront. The beaches here are all black sand. The most well known of them, and one with some good accommodation options, is Yeh Gangga.
This is the big city, the centre of all government offices and the capital city of Bali. Denpasar used to be the base of the Badung kingdom, and then it became the center for the Bali government in 1958. Denpasar is the largest and busiest city on the island. An old trading center, its name means "east of the market." It is the headquarters for the government, the media, the island's principal banks, airline offices, and hospitals. Bali's two universities, Udayana and Warmadewa, are also based here. The city's local name is Badung, its old name, and you'll hear "Badung" sung out by bemo drivers all over Bali. Though it's been the capital of Bali since 1958, it's no longer the administrative center of Badung Regency. In 1992, Greater Denpasar and Sanur split off from Badung and formed their own administrative entity Denpasar.
Unless you've got business here, the city has few charms, other than those quiet back alleyways where people are quite friendly. The most important government offices are located in a tree-shaded administrative complex of handsome reddish brick and gray stone. Industry is low-tech and non-polluting. Denpasar is actually best at night, when it's not so hot and the individual kampung resume their normal rhythms. It seems the whole population is either directly or indirectly involved in the tourist industry, and you can easily engage people in conversation.